Java模拟from表单参数以及文件提交

这个简直可以说的是跟from差不多,之前小编写了个post图片上传,直接被好一点的服务器拦截了,像测试服务器学生机的那种,不会拦截,但是模仿from提交就没试过拦截了

Demo

import org.junit.Test;

import javax.activation.MimetypesFileTypeMap;
import java.io.*;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;

public class ce {

    @Test
    public void Demo(){
        //url 请求接口
        String url = "http://dt2008.cn";
        //post请求参数
        Map<String, String> textMap = new HashMap<String, String>();
        //如果没有参数无需定义参数
        textMap.put("参数", "传值");

        //图片上传
        Map<String, String> fileMap = new HashMap<String, String>();
        //如果没有参数无需定义参数
        fileMap.put("图片参数", "本地文件位置(可以用于本地或者服务器端)");

        String s = formUpload(url, textMap, fileMap);
        //返回数据
        System.out.println(s);
    }

    /**
     * post请求(图片上传)
     * @param urlStr        url请求地址
     * @param textMap       参数
     * @param fileMap       图片上传
     * @return
     */
    public static String formUpload(String urlStr, Map<String, String> textMap, Map<String, String> fileMap) {
        String res = "";
        HttpURLConnection conn = null;
        String BOUNDARY = "---------------------------123821742118716"; //boundary就是request头和上传文件内容的分隔符
        try {
            URL url = new URL(urlStr);
            conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
            conn.setReadTimeout(30000);
            conn.setDoOutput(true);
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.setUseCaches(false);
            conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
            conn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
            conn.setRequestProperty("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.1; zh-CN; rv:1.9.2.6)");
            conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + BOUNDARY);
            OutputStream out = new DataOutputStream(conn.getOutputStream());
            // text
            if (textMap != null) {
                StringBuffer strBuf = new StringBuffer();
                Iterator iter = textMap.entrySet().iterator();
                while (iter.hasNext()) {
                    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) iter.next();
                    String inputName = (String) entry.getKey();
                    String inputValue = (String) entry.getValue();
                    if (inputValue == null) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    strBuf.append("\r\n").append("--").append(BOUNDARY).append(
                            "\r\n");
                    strBuf.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\""
                            + inputName + "\"\r\n\r\n");
                    strBuf.append(inputValue);
                }
                out.write(strBuf.toString().getBytes());
            }
            // file
            if (fileMap != null) {
                Iterator iter = fileMap.entrySet().iterator();
                while (iter.hasNext()) {
                    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) iter.next();
                    String inputName = (String) entry.getKey();
                    String inputValue = (String) entry.getValue();
                    if (inputValue == null) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    File file = new File(inputValue);
                    String filename = file.getName();
                    String contentType = new MimetypesFileTypeMap()
                            .getContentType(file);
                    if (filename.endsWith(".png")) {
                        contentType = "image/png";
                    }
                    if (contentType == null || contentType.equals("")) {
                        contentType = "application/octet-stream";
                    }
                    StringBuffer strBuf = new StringBuffer();
                    strBuf.append("\r\n").append("--").append(BOUNDARY).append(
                            "\r\n");
                    strBuf.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\""
                            + inputName + "\"; filename=\"" + filename
                            + "\"\r\n");
                    strBuf.append("Content-Type:" + contentType + "\r\n\r\n");
                    out.write(strBuf.toString().getBytes());
                    DataInputStream in = new DataInputStream(
                            new FileInputStream(file));
                    int bytes = 0;
                    byte[] bufferOut = new byte[1024];
                    while ((bytes = in.read(bufferOut)) != -1) {
                        out.write(bufferOut, 0, bytes);
                    }
                    in.close();
                }
            }
            byte[] endData = ("\r\n--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n").getBytes();
            out.write(endData);
            out.flush();
            out.close();
            // 读取返回数据
            StringBuffer strBuf = new StringBuffer();
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                    conn.getInputStream()));
            String line = null;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                strBuf.append(line).append("\n");
            }
            res = strBuf.toString();
            reader.close();
            reader = null;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("发送POST请求出错。" + urlStr);
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (conn != null) {
                conn.disconnect();
                conn = null;
            }
        }
        return res;
    }

}
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